What the law says about social media in the Indian Constitution
The constitution, in its Article 370, prohibits the making of laws, including criminal laws, for the purpose of controlling the expression of opinions, views and opinions of any class, class of persons or political party or the use of any method or device to influence any decision of the legislature, its executive or judiciary, unless the Constitution expressly authorises this or the legislative authority exercises discretion in respect of it.
It also protects freedom of expression, freedom of association, freedom from discrimination and freedom of assembly.
The Supreme Court, in the landmark 2002 judgment of Madan B Lokur, held that a law regulating the Internet could not be made subject to judicial scrutiny.
But in 2009, the court allowed a Delhi court to order the Central Information Commission to ban online publication of a political cartoon depicting the former prime minister and his wife, Indira Gandhi.
The court said the law did not restrict the freedom of political expression and freedom to disseminate the opinions of political parties and individuals.
The case is still pending.
The government has appealed to the Supreme Court and the bench is likely to hear the petition.